GEORGE CLARKE MUSGRAVE
BRITISH BY BIRTH AMERICAN BY ADOPTION


A TIMELINE JOURNEY

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A chronological view of the major life and career events of George Clarke Musgrave
soldier, war correspondent, journalist, author, hero and family man


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Following Army discharge, applied to Illustrated London News for position as war correspondent
For more information, see:
Author Biography: "To Liverpool"
1874 - 1895
01 May 1874: Born to Joseph John and Sarah Ann Musgrave
1974-93: Childhood at family home and business in Folkestone
06 Nov 1893: Joined Army - injured in accident 16 Aug 1984
22 Dec 1894: Medically discharged - returned to Folkestone
19 Nov 1895: Commission with London Illustrated News
Sailed from Liverpool assigned to expedition press contingent accompanying:
Sir Francis Scott
Prince Henry of Battenberg
Major Robert Baden-Powell
For more information, see:
"To Kumassi with Scott"
1895 - 1896
30 Nov 1895: Left Liverpool on SS Loanda for Cape Coast
27 Dec 1895: March underway to the Ashanti capital, Kumassi
17 Jan 1895: Kumassi at last - the great palaver arranged
19 Jan 1895: The vile killing fields of Kumassi discovered
20 Jan 1895: The abject submission of King Prempeh
In Cuba with commissions from the London Daily Graphic and Black & White Review:
For more information, see:
"Under Three Flags in Cuba"
1896 - 1897
07 Jun 1896: Publication of "To Kumassi with Scott"
11 Dec 1896: Arrived at Bahia, Cuba with dual commission
14 Apr 1897: Wounded, arrested, imprisoned in Santa Clara
04 May 1897: Escaped to Cienfugos and later to Havana
30 Jul 1897: Wrote series of reports on Spanish atrocities
Continuing to witness and report the atrocities and effects of the Spanish occupation against a rising tide of support for the Cubans, mainly from America
Planned Evangelina Cisneros prison escape with Karl Decker
For more information, see:
"Under Three Flags in Cuba"
1897 - 1898
06 Oct 1897: Rescue of Evangelina Cisneros from prison
16 Jan 1898: Met President Maso and his staff in Palmarito
17 Feb 1898: Delivered orders from Maso to General Carcia
24 Feb 1898: Commissioned as Captain in Cuban Army
29 Feb 1898: Carried papers from Gen Garcia to US Consulate
Travelling with the Cuban leaders and carrying news and messages around the country. Arrested as a spy and threatened with execution but later released and deported. After arriving back in US, joined 5th Army and embarked for Cuba with Theodore Roosevelt.
For more information, see:
"Under Three Flags in Cuba"
1898
31 Mar 1898: Arrested, imprisoned and deported to Cadiz
19 Apr 1898: Released after intervention by UK Parliament
23 Apr 1898: Returned to England via Boulogne and on to US
25 Apr 1898: US declared war on Spain after USS Maine sunk
02 May 1898: Arrived US and joined 5th Army at Tampa Bay
Invited by Gen Shafter as one of only a handful of correspondents allowed to witness and report the Spanish surrender. Left Cuba with departing US Military, returned to New York and spent some time nursed by Mary Judson Lamson, recovering from fever and wounds.
For more information, see:
"Under Three Flags in Cuba"
1898
22 Jun 1898: US forces arrived in Cuba, landing at Jaragua
01 Jul 1898: Roosevelt's force takes control of San Juan Hill
17 Jul 1998: Witnessed Spanish army surrender at Santiago
23 Aug 1898: Shot in chest in a duel with a Spanish colonel
08 Sep 1898: Disembarked Cuba on Red Cross hospital ship
Roosevelt elected Governor in Nov 1898 elections. "Under Three Flags in Cuba" published 1st Oct 1899. War with the Boer is now imminent and I receive a cabled commission for South Africa for 5th Oct. Leaving to join my ship, I proposed to Mary and left a much happier man when she accepted.
For more information, see:
"Under Three Flags in Cuba"
1898 - 1899
14 Sep 1898: Arrived New York for R and R nursed by Mary
18 Sep 1898: Joined Roosevelt's campaign for Nov elections
08 Nov 1898: Roosevelt elected as Governor of New York
01 Oct 1899: Publication of "Under Three Flags in Cuba"
05 Oct 1899: Commission to join British forces in South Africa
Kimberley, Mafeking & Ladysmith beseiged and the Boer rampant across the Transvaal. We did not fully understand the mentality or the fighting capacity of the enemy and suffered many early defeats, later turning to victories.
For more information, see:
"In South Africa with Buller"
1899
27 Oct 1899: At Dundee with attack from Botha expected
09 Nov 1899: Travelled to Eastcourt with Winston Churchill
15 Nov 1999: Armoured train destroyed, Churchill captured
12 Dec 1899: Buller leads us into disastrous "Black Week"
23 Dec 1899: Lord Roberts to Cape Town as Commander
Ladysmith relieved, Botha's forces on the run and Kronje surrenders at Paaderburg. It seems that the Boer is defeated and I make arrangements to leave; by train from Ladysmith to Cape Town, back to England, then to America, and Mary to whom I will soon be married.
For more information, see:
"In South Africa with Buller"
1900
23 Jan 1900: We gain the high ground in Battle for Spion Kop
28 Feb 1900: Ladysmith relieved. Boer scattered and fleeing
12 Mar 1900: Leave CapeTown for Southampton on SS Greek
19 Apr 1900: Arrived New York, first to Mary, then to Roosevelt
01 Jun 1900: Married in New York, leaving 5th for honeymoon
Of the slaughter at Tientsin: I have witnessed killings in other wars, just as cruel and just as barbarous, but I have never before experienced such revulsion or such terror as on this evil day, in this evil place.
For more information, see:
"The Peking Legations"
1900
19 Jun 1900: Called urgently by NY Times to San Francisco
11 Jul 1900: To Tientsin and Peking to cover Boxer Rebellion
26 Jul 1998: Tientsin: walking into the depths of Hades itself
27 Jul 1900: Publication of "In South Africa with Buller"
04 Aug 1900: Assigned to 14th Infantry for march to Peking
Following the successful relief of the legations, it was a misery to walk through the city and see its desolation. Peking had twice been looted before, by the Boxers, then by the Imperial soldiers, and now it was being ravaged again by the allies. We left traumatised by what we had witnessed.
For more information, see:
"Wars and Words. Part 5"
1900
12 Aug 1998: Battles from Tientsin to Yangstun to Peking
15 Aug 1900: Boxers in retreat as we enter Legation grounds
16 Aug 1900: A city becoming a bloodbath of human atrocity
17 Aug 1900: A shared journalists' pledge not to write of this
21 Aug 1900: Leaving the horrors of the aftermath of Peking
Back in England, I had no desire to write but I felt comfortable; Mary was delighted. We settled in easily and when our son, Edwin, was born on Jan 12th, any observer would have described us as a happy young family and, indeed, we were; almost.
For more information, see:
"Wars and Words. Part 5"
1900 - 1901
11 Sep 1900: Returned to NY, weakened in spirit and in body
10 Oct 1900: Roosevelt offers me a position in his inner team
14 Oct 1900: Leave for England with Mary; Roosevelt agrees
22 Oct 1900: Arrive Tilbury move to new home in Paddington
12 Jan 1901: A necessary period of stability; son Edwin born
One by one, as falling dominoes, countries across Europe are being drawn into the growing conflict by their interlocking treaty obligations. As the calls for war intensify, no Head of State seems able to quell the collective madness of their politicians and generals.
For more information, see:
"Wars and Words. Part 5"
1901 - 1914
06 Sep 1901: McKinley shot: Roosevelt in office as Vice Pres.
11 Nov 1901: Travel back to NY to take up Roosevelt's offer
01 Nov 1902: Under cover as Buyer for Lamson business
1902 - 1914: In post as Roosevelt's "eyes and ears" in Europe
28 Jun 1914: In Sarajevo when Archduke Ferdinand is shot
After four years, it is now clear that Teutonic fury has been overcome by three inspiring challenges; brilliant tactics backed by the spirit, courage and determination of the Allies; the thunder of the new British guns in Belgium, and the American buglers at last sounding "Taps" in France
For more information, see:
"Under Four Flags for France"
1914 - 1918
03 Aug 1914: German troops cross the border into Belgium
25 Aug 1914: Crushing resistance, Germans enter France
1914 - 1917: German strategy overcome through Allied efforts
27 Oct 1917: Shot fired signalling arrival of American troops
12 Jan 1918: Cessation of war imminent, I leave for America
I am taking Mary and Edwin back to England and then we will travel no more. My days of chasing stories in the field are over; my books are published; my words are written; my pen has run dry; the library is now closed
For more information, see:
"Wars and Words. Afterword"
1918 - 1921
04 Jun 1918: Publication of "Under Four Flags for France"
10 Mar 1919: To Havana, Cuba researching material for book
14 May 1919: Dedicated final book to Theodore Roosevelt
23 Jun 1919: Publication of "Cuba - Land of Opportunity"
30 Jul 1921: Left Cuba for New York and back to England


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Busy as always, returning from a meeting in London to his home in Wimbledon
George Clarke Musgrave suffered a heart attack and died on 4th January 1933
He now lies with his parents in the beautiful countryside of Swanage in Dorset

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